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ENGLISH GRAMMAR HELP
1. Verbes Irreguliers – aide à la mémorisation
Voici un tableau des verbes irréguliers utilisés à partir de la 4ème. Le classement en groupes peut faciliter la mémorisation.
V (base verbale) Prétérit : hours/weeks ago Résultat: Look!
(participe passé)
GROUPE A: Les 3 formes sont identiques (1.1.1.)
COST coûter It cost £100 It has cost me a fortune
CUT couper Vincent Van Gogh cut off his ear Oh! You’ve cut your hair
HURT faire mal They hurt him I’ve hurt my hand
PUT mettre He put it away He’s put on his boots
SHUT fermer He shut the door Have you shut the door?
GROUPE B: Le prétérit et le participe passé sont identiques (1.2.2.)
BRING apporter I brought him a letter He hasn’t brought it yet
BUILD construire They built a barn They’ve just built it
BURN brûler I burnt some wood I’ve burnt my finger
BUY acheter We bought a new car We’ve just bought it
CATCH attraper They caught the thief He’s caught a bad cold
FEED nourrir She fed the dog You haven’t fed the cat
FEEL (se) sentir I felt sick They’ve often felt lonely
FIGHT se battre My great-grandfather fought in WW1 Ted has fought with Tom
FIND trouver I found it in my room I’ve found it!
GET obtenir He got first prize Have you got a cold?
HAVE avoir Henry VIII had 6 wives I’ve just had a phonecall
HEAR entendre I heard a strange noise I haven’t heard a thing
HOLD tenir He held my hand He has held it
LEARN apprendre She learnt it at school I’ve learnt it by heart
LEAVE partir, laisser They left in the morning I’ve left it at home
LEND prêter He lent me £5 Look! He’s lent me his car
LOSE perdre We lost the hockey match Oh dear! I’ve lost my keys!
MAKE faire We made some brownies I’ve made the beds
MEET rencontrer They met in Oxford I’ve never met them
PAY payer I paid for it I haven’t paid yet
READ lire I read it yesterday I haven’t read it yet
SAY dire She said, “Let’s go!” We’ve already said “No”!
SELL vendre I sold it yesterday I’ve just sold it
SEND envoyer They sent him to school We’ve sent him a letter
SHOOT tirer (arme), tourner (film) I shot the sheriff (but I did not shoot the deputy!) He has shot 12 films
SIT s’asseoir He sat in a corner I’ve never sat there
SLEEP dormir I slept for 10 hours I’ve slept a lot
SPEND passer, dépenser He spent a week abroad I’ve spent all my money
TEACH enseigner She taught Maths last year I’ve never taught French
TELL raconter She told him to come He’s told me everything
THINK penser It’s what I thought I’ve thought it over
UNDERSTAND comprendre He understood it He hasn’t understood
WIN gagner She won a cup in 2004 Hooray! You’ve won!
GROUPE C: Le participe passé est semblable ou identique à la base verbale (1.2.1.)
BECOME devenir He became a reporter He’s become famous
COME venir They came back early They’ve all come back
RUN courir He ran the marathon He has run it twice
GROUPE D: Le participe passé se termine en -EN ou -N (1.2.3.)
BE être I was late I’ve been ill.
I’ve never been abroad
BREAK casser Jack broke his arm You’ve broken it!
BITE mordre A dog bit me A dog has bitten me!
DO faire I did the washing up You’ve done your work
DRAW dessiner He drew his self-portrait He’s drawn lots of them
DRIVE conduire He drove to Scotland I’ve never driven before
EAT manger We ate in a pub I’ve eaten too much
FALL tomber Jack fell down He has fallen!
FLY voler (avion) I flew to the USA I’ve never flown alone
FORGET oublier He never forgot it I’ve forgotten my book
GIVE donner She gave me £5 He’s given me too much
GO aller They went to Canada They’ve gone!
GROW grandir, cultiver He grew a lot of cabbages She’s grown up
KNOW savoir I knew it I’ve known him for ages
SEE voir I first saw London in 1990 I’ve never seen Munich
SPEAK parler She spoke to him I haven’t spoken to him
STEAL voler Who stole the diamond bracelet? Somebody has stolen it
TAKE prendre They took the plane I’ve taken 3 photos
WAKE (up) (se) réveiller I woke up at 6.00 a.m. You’ve woken me up
WEAR porter Mum wore a horrible purple dress She has worn it twice
WRITE écrire He wrote novels Have you written to him?
GROUPE E: Changement des voyelles i-a-u (1.2.3.)
BEGIN commencer We began a new lesson today The film has just begun
DRINK boire We drank some beer I’ve never drunk beer
RING sonner My alarm rang at 7.00 The bell hasn’t rung yet
SING chanter We sang a funny song I’ve never sung in public
SWIM nager I swam every day I’ve swum for an hour

2. Verbes Lexicaux – Tableau de synthèse
Simple present / Présent simple
-s à la 3e personne du singulier S + do/does + not + V Do/does + S + V
I work
You work
He/she/it works
We work
You work
They work
I do not work
You do not work
He/she/it does not work
We do not work
You do not work
They do not work
Do I work?
Do you work?
Does he/she/it work?
Do we work?
Do you work?
Do they work?
Present continuous / Présent en BE + V-ing
S + BE conjugué + V-ing S + BE conjugué + not + V-ing BE conjugué + S + V-ing
I am working
You are working
He/she/it is working
We are working
You are working
They are working
I am not working
You are not working
He/she/it is not working
We are not working
You are not working
They are not working
Am I working?
Are you working?
Is he/she/it working?
Are we working?
Are you working?
Are they working?
Simple past / Prétérit simple
S + V-ed S + did + not + V Did + S + V
I worked
You worked
He/she/it worked
We worked
You worked
They worked
I did not work
You did not work
He/she/it did not work
We did not work
You did not work
They did not work
Did I work?
Did you work?
Did he/she/it work?
Did we work?
Did you work?
Did they work?
Past continuous / Prétérit en BE + V-ing
S + was/were + V-ing S + was/were + not + V-ing Was/were + S + V-ing
I was working
You were working
He/she/it was working
We were working
You were working
They were working
I was not working
You were not working
He/she/it was not working
We were not working
You were not working
They were not working
Was I working?
Were you working?
Was he/she/it working?
Were we working?
Were you working?
Were they working?
Present perfect
S + have/has + participe passé S + have/has + not + participe passé Have/has + S + participe passé
I have worked
You have worked
He/she/it has worked
We have worked
You have worked
They have worked
I have not worked
You have not worked
He/she/it has not worked
We have not worked
You have not worked
They have not worked
Have I worked?
Have you worked?
Has he/she/it worked?
Have we worked?
Have you worked?
Have they worked?
Present perfect continuous / Present perfect en BE + V-ing
S + have + been + V-ing S + have + not + been + V-ing Have + S + been + V-ing?
I have been working
You have been working
He/she/it has been working
We have been working
You have been working
They have been working
I have not been working
You have not been working
He/she/it has not been working
We have not been working
You have not been working
They have not been working
Have I been working?
Have you been working?
Has he/she/it been working?
Have we been working?
Have you been working?
Have they been working?
Past perfect
S + had + participe passé S + had + not + participe passé Had + S + participe passé
I had worked
You had worked
He/she/it had worked
We had worked
You had worked
They had worked
I had not worked
You had not worked
He/she/it had not worked
We had not worked
You had not worked
They had not worked
Had I worked?
Had you worked?
Had he/she/it worked?
Had we worked?
Had you worked?
Had they worked?
Past perfect continuous / Past perfect en BE + V-ing
S + had + been + V-ing S + had + not + been + V-ing Had + S + been + V-ing
I had been working
You had been working
He/she/it had been working
We had been working
You had been working
They had been working
I had not been working
You had not been working
He/she/it had not been working
We had not been working
You had not been working
They had not been working
Had I been working?
Had you been working?
Had he/she/it been working?
Had we been working?
Had you been working?
Had they been working?

3. Fatal Errors
Guide des erreurs les plus fréquentes en expression écrite

bomb
TYPE D’ERREUR CE QU’IL FAUDRAIT ECRIRE
1 Présent simple (E)S à la 3° personne singulier + : B.V. à toutes les pers. sauf (E)S à la 3° personne singulier
?/- : DO(NOT) ou DOES(NOT) + B.V.
1b Présent en BE +ING (continue) + : AM/ARE/IS + V. + ING
?/- : AM/ARE/IS (NOT) + V. + ING
2 Preterit simple + : V.+ ED ou forme irrég. à toutes les personnes
?/- : DID NOT + B.V à toutes les personnes
2b Present Perfect + : HAVE ou HAS + V.ED
?/-: HAVE ou HAS NOT+ V.ED
3 Action Future + : WILL + B.V. à toutes les personnes
?/-: WILL NOT / WON’T +B.V.
4 CAN / MAY / MUST/ WILL / SHALL Auxiliaire de modalité + B.V.
5 Forme négative (absence d’auxiliaire,
place de la marque de négation)
Voir les temps concernés ( rubriques 1,2,3 )
6 Forme interrogative Voir les temps concernés ( rubriques 1,2,3 )
7 Verbes irréguliers A apprendre par cœur !
8 Accord déterminant / nom / verbe Accord du sujet et verbe ou auxiliaire !!!!!
Accord du déterminant et nom !
9 Pronoms personnels sujetPronoms personnels complément I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they
me, you, him, her, it, us, you, them.
10 Adjectifs possessifsPronoms possessif my, your, his, her, its, our, your, their
mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours, yours, theirs
11 The / A / An / Ø the: le, la, les
a/an: un, une
Ø: des, du, de la, le, la, les, suivant les cas.
12 Who / Which / ThatWhat / Whose Who: pour une personne. Which : chose ou animal
That: pour les deux cas What : ce que , ce qui
Whose: dont
13 Adjectifs Se place devant le nom
Invariable, pas de S au pluriel.
14 Gérondif ou Infinitif ? BV+ING / TO+BV
15 Have / Be Have exprime la possession
Be exprime un état
16 Comparatifs Consulter livre et cahier
17 Ordre des mots à revoir / inversion Consulter livre et cahier
18 Mauvais choix de préposition Consulter livre et cahier (GO + TO si déplacement)
19 Vocabulaire : mauvais choix de mot Consulter le dictionnaire
20 H.S. Hors sujet Relire plusieurs fois la consigne
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